Geographical indications are indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a Member, or a region or locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or other characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographical origin. (Article 22 (1) of Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights).
Most commonly, a geographical indication includes the name of the place of origin of the goods. For example, agricultural products typically have qualities that derive from their place of production and are influenced by specific local factors, such as climate and soil.
Namibia does not have a sui generis legal instrument for the protection of Geographical Indications. However, same can be protected by registering it as collective marks under the existing Trademarks Act.
Namibia is still exploring the best possible means to protect Geographical Indications, and is accordingly engaged in the deliberations at both regional and global platforms.