Intellectual Property

Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind inventions, literary and artistic works, symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce.

IP is divided into two categories:

  • Industrial property which includes inventions (patents), trademarks, industrial designs, and geographic indications of source
  • Copyright which includes literary and artistic works such as novels, poems, ¬†plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs.

Rights related to copyright include those of performing artists in their performances, producers of phonograms in their recordings, and those of broadcasters in their radio and television programs.  For an introduction to IP for non-specialists, refer to: (WIPO).